Grammar: Four parts - Tilting at grammar windmills
Tilting at grammar windmills (Source: Journeys Through Reading, Vol. 7, 1907)
Grammar is not the enemy. Familiarize yourself with the basics, and you'll find grammar actually makes a good friend.
From A New English Grammar for Schools, by Thomas Harvey:


1. Grammar 

a. Concerns itself with the principles which govern the forms and relations of words in sentences

b. Teaches what usages of language are correct. 

2. It is divided into four parts: orthography, etymology, syntax, and prosody.

a. Orthography 

deals with the letters and spelling of words.

b. Etymology 

deals with the origins of words.

c. Syntax 

deals with the construction of sentences.

d. Prosody 

deals with the construction of stanzas.

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